A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom. Hebrews 1:1-14 . So it shall be after the perishing by fire ( 2 Peter 3:12 2 Peter 3:13 ). Christ was "appointed" (in God's eternal counsel) to creation as an office; and the universe so created was assigned to Him as a kingdom. Like a cloak You will fold them up, Paul shows that His humbled form (at which the Jews might stumble) is no objection to His divine Messiahship. 9. i. "Commissions them to assume the agency or form of flames for His purposes" [ALFORD]. I. Veerman, David. 6. 11. d. I will be to Him a Father, and He shall be to Me a Son: This quotation from 2 Samuel 7:14 is another example of something that God the Father said to God the Son that He never said to any angel. He is superior to the word of God spoken through the As a *human being, Jesus was the Son of God. "Christ is preached even in passages where many might contend that the Father was principally intended" [BENGEL]. . "In one way He was seen by Abraham, in another by Moses, in another by Elias, and in another by Micah; Isaiah, Daniel, and Ezekiel, beheld different forms" [THEODORET]. i. Proud member The "I" in Greek is emphatic; I the Everlasting Father have begotten Thee this day, that is, on this day, the day of Thy being manifested as My Son, "the first-begotten of the dead" ( Colossians 1:18 , Revelation 1:5 ). This passage of the Septuagint may have been in Paul's mind as to the form, but the substance is taken from Psalms 97:7 . II. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. b. William L. Lane — Hebrews 1-8; Hebrews 9-13 (Word Biblical Commentary, 1991). THE HIGHEST OF ALL REVELATIONS IS GIVEN US NOW IN THE SON OF GOD, WHO IS GREATER THAN THE ANGELS, AND WHO, HAVING COMPLETED REDEMPTION, SITS ENTHRONED AT GOD'S RIGHT HAND. But You are the same, However, the content of the book, including the frequent references to the Hebrew Scriptures, makes it clear that he was writing to Jewish Christians who were sorely tempted to leave the Christian church and revert to Jewish worship. Literally, "ages" with all things and persons belonging to them; the universe, including all space and ages of time, and all material and spiritual existences. 4. angels were designed by God to be subject to Him. God gave his name great honour when he raised him from the dead. With the oil of gladness more than Your companions.”, “You, LORD, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth, the antitype to Solomon, son of David. as . "Perish" does not mean annihilation; just as it did not mean so in the case of "the world that being overflowed with water, perished" under Noah ( 2 Peter 3:6 ). The angels worship Him; He does not worship among them. the wings of the wind." Denomination: Baptist. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Hebrews 1:1 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 1:1, NIV: "In the past God spoke to our ancestors through the prophets at many times and in various ways," Hebrews 1:1, ESV: "Long ago, at many times and in many ways, God spoke to our fathers by the prophets," Hebrews 1:1, KJV: "God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets," Hebrews 1:1-14 . This power … As God (the Father) is introduced as having spoken here; so God the Son, Hebrews 2:3 ; God the Holy Ghost, Hebrews 3:7 . The same in nature, therefore in covenant faithfulness to Thy people. But to which of the angels has He ever said: “Sit at My right hand, But as the whole theocracy was of Messianic import, the triumph of David over Hadadezer and neighboring kings ( 2 Samuel 8:1-18 , Psalms 2:2 Psalms 2:3 Psalms 2:9-12 ) is a type of God's ultimately subduing all enemies under His Son. They "all," how ever various their ranks, "minister"; He is ministered to. In a near and imperfect sense, the promise of 2 Samuel 7:14 was fulfilled in David’s son Solomon. They are incorporeal spirits, as God is, but ministering to Him as inferiors. The ardor of Spirit in this Epistle, as in First John, bursting forth at once into the subject (without prefatory inscription of name and greeting), the more effectively strikes the hearers. No one explained it to him, but after a while he got the idea: good manners said it was wrong for a subject to have such a relaxed attitude in the presence of their Queen. He had been always Son, but now first was manifested as such in His once humbled, now exalted manhood united to His Godhead. i. Till I make Your enemies Your footstool”? Hebrews 1:1. It means that the Father and the Son share the same being. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. In this sense, the purpose of Hebrews is like the purpose of the Transfiguration of Jesus mentioned in the Gospels. The Septuagint, "in the beginning" (as in Genesis 1:1 ) answers by contrast to the end implied in "They shall perish," &c. The Greek order here (not in the Septuagint) is, "Thou in the beginning, O Lord," which throws the "Lord" into emphasis. "Worship Him all ye gods" ("gods," that is, exalted beings, as angels), refers to God; but it was universally admitted among the Hebrews that God would dwell, in a peculiar sense, in Messiah (so as to be in the Talmud phrase, "capable of being pointed to with the finger"); and so what was said of God was true of, and to be fulfilled in, Messiah. In what follows the author seems to live in the world of the Old Testament rather than his own. And His ministers a flame of fire.”. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. God . a. And He shall be to Me a Son”? Yet Jesus can – at the invitation of God the Father – sit at the right hand of God the Father. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. Click on the different category headings to find out more. They are His angels and His ministers. God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, a. "The fulness of the glory of the peculiar name "the Son of God," is unattainable by human speech or thought. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. CONSIDER JESUS OUR GREAT HIGH PRIEST Click chart to enlarge Charts from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission Hebrews - Charles Swindoll - Chart on right . And--In another passage ( Psalms 102:25-27 ) He says. works of thine hands--the heavens, as a woven veil or curtain spread out. (Hebrews 1:1) In the past God spoke to our ancestors through the prophets at many times and in various ways, The heavens declare the glory of God without words (see Psalm 19). Jesus is the end of all prophecy ( Revelation 19:10 ), and of the law of Moses ( John 1:17 , 5:46 ). "The sun is never seen without effulgence, nor the Father without the Son" [THEOPHYLACT]. a garment--( Isaiah 51:6 ). They have never become sons of God. The composition of the community to whom the author writes is … Very highly recommended. He is declared ultimately superior to the most cherished institutions of the ancient Hebrew faith. The manifestations of God by angels (and even by the angel of the covenant) at different times in the Old Testament, did not bring man and God into personal union, as the manifestation of God in human flesh does. Resources » Commentaries » Hebrews » Chapter 1 » exegesis. The angels belong to Jesus, and He is not among them. For to which of the angels did He ever say: The author of Hebrews proved that Jesus is superior to any angelic being because God the Father says things to God the Son that He never said to angels. In the Pauline method, the statement of subject and the division are put before the discussion; and at the close, the practical follows the doctrinal portion. thy God--JEROME, AUGUSTINE, and others translate Psalms 45:7 , "O God, Thy God, hath anointed thee," whereby Christ is addressed as God. To Noah the quarter of the world to which Messiah should belong was revealed; to Abraham, the nation; to Jacob, the tribe; to David and Isaiah, the family; to Micah, the town of nativity; to Daniel, the exact time; to Malachi, the coming of His forerunner, and His second advent; through Jonah, His burial and resurrection; through Isaiah and Hosea, His resurrection. of heavens--plural: not merely one, but manifold, and including various orders of heavenly intelligences ( Ephesians 4:10 ). therefore--because God loves righteousness and hates iniquity. The Epistle to the Hebrews. And Your years will not fail.”. The Deity Of Christ Part 1 Series Contributed by Stephen Smith on Nov 3, 2020 | 952 views. Hebrews: Bible Study and Commentary. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. Some argue that there are many beings called “gods” in the Bible such as Satan (2 Corinthians 4:4) and earthly judges (Psalm 82:1 and 6). The Hebrews are warned of the sin and danger of unbelief. Many Jews had a superstitious or idolatrous respect for angels, because they had received the law and other tidings of the Divine will by their ministry. A name that no than knew but He Himself.". 1-7) | Gouge, William | ISBN: 9781599250656 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. i. express image--"impress." . . (Compare Numbers 12:6-8 ). So David, His type, was first anointed at Bethlehem ( 1 Samuel 16:13 , Psalms 89:20 ); and yet again at Hebron, first over Judah ( 2 Samuel 2:4 ), then over all Israel ( 2 Samuel 5:3 ); not till the death of Saul did he enter on his actual kingdom; as it was not till after Christ's death that the Father set Him at His right hand far above all principalities ( Ephesians 1:20 Ephesians 1:21 ). Comfort, Philip Wesley. by Ray C. Stedman . 2. . This is probably the true translation of the Hebrew there, and also of the Greek of Hebrews here; for it is likely the Son is addressed, "O God," as in Hebrews 1:8 . Jesus is not a subject – He is the Sovereign, so He sits in the presence of majesty. Fulfilled at the resurrection of Jesus, whereby the Father "declared," that is, made manifest His divine Sonship, heretofore veiled by His humiliation ( Acts 13:33 , Romans 1:4 ). c. But to which of the angels has He ever said: “Sit at My right hand.” The angels are not permitted to relax before God. Of … The writer, though not inscribing his name, was well known to those addressed ( Hebrews 13:19 ). Verse 1 indicates Hebrews’ understanding that the Christ event is continuous with the revelation of God accessible through the theological narrative of Jewish scripture in Greek translation (the Septuagint or LXX). It is because He is the brightness, &c., and because He upholds, &c., that He sat down on the right hand, &c. It was a return to His divine glory ( John 6:62 , 17:5 ; compare Wisdom 7:25,26, where similar things are said of wisdom). His right, as Mediator, was by commission from the Father. Taylor, Linda K. III. Lesser things, if allowed more focus, take a bigger place than the greater and more important things. The communication of the divine essence in its fulness, involves eternal generation; for the divine essence has no beginning. So the superiority of the Son of God to angels is shown. They stand before the Father, but the Son sits down – because He isn’t a subject, He is the Sovereign. i. by his Son--Greek, "IN (His) Son" ( John 14:10 ). by--Greek, "in." Hebrews 1:14 , "ministering spirits," favors English Version here. . Hebrews—Commentaries. b. this day have I begotten thee--( Psalms 2:7 ). The Old Testament was written in 39 different books reflecting different historical times, locations, cultures, and situation. View Hebrews . The Jews of former days ( 1 Corinthians 10:1 ). Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. 1. 2. in these last days--In the oldest manuscripts the Greek is. Like a cloak You will fold them up, and they will be changed: This shows that Jesus Christ, the Second Person of the Trinity is sovereign, with authority over all creation and history, even as Psalm 102:25-27 says this of Yahweh. Salem Media Group. "Maketh" implies that, however exalted, they are but creatures, whereas the Son is the Creator ( Hebrews 1:10 ):not begotten from everlasting, nor to be worshipped, as the Son ( Revelation 14:7 , Revelation 22:8 Revelation 22:9 ). God, having of old time spoken unto the fathers in the prophets by divers portions and in divers manners. Commentary on Hebrews 1:4-14 (Read Hebrews 1:4-14) Many Jews had a superstitious or idolatrous respect for angels, because they had received the law and other tidings of the Divine will by their ministry. . Angels are sent forth on ministrations to God and Christ, not primarily to men, though for the good of "those who are about to inherit salvation" (so the Greek): the elect, who believe, or shall believe, for whom all things, angels included, work together for good ( Romans 8:28 ). a. remainest--through (so the Greek) all changes. Revelation 5 gives a glimpse of the angelic worship of Jesus. Hebrews 1:13–14. There are no apologetics, no hint of argument, … Since the firstborn son was “first in line” and received the position of favor and honor, the title “firstborn” could indicate that someone was of the highest position and honor. The anointing here meant is not that at His baptism, when He solemnly entered on His ministry for us; but that with the "oil of gladness," or "exulting joy" (which denotes a triumph, and follows as the consequence of His manifested love of righteousness and hatred of iniquity), wherewith, after His triumphant completion of His work, He has been anointed by the Father above His fellows (not only above us, His fellow men, the adopted members of God's family. As the law was given by the ministration of angels and Moses, it was inferior to the Gospel given by the divine Son, who both is ( Hebrews 1:4-14 ) as God, and has been made, as the exalted Son of man ( Hebrews 2:5-18 ), much better than the angels. The fullest realization of His Lordship shall be at His second coming ( Psalms 97:7 , 1 Corinthians 15:24 1 Corinthians 15:25 , Philippians 2:9 ). What the angels are as to their office: they are ministering spirits. First, In creating the world (Hebrews 1:10): And thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the work of thy hands. They will perish, but You remain; Understanding how Jesus is better than the angels helps us to understand how He is better than anyone or anything in our life. God, &c. — After the manner of the best writers, the apostle begins this most instructive epistle with proposing the subjects of which he is about to discourse; namely, four important facts, on which the authority of the gospel, as a revelation from God, is built; and which, if well established, should induce unbelievers, whether Jews or Gentiles, to renounce their infidelity and embrace the gospel. )," is plainly wrong. (1-2a) Jesus brought a revelation superior to the prophets of old. IV. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. iniquity--"unnrighteousness." worlds--the inferior and the superior worlds ( Colossians 1:16 ). thou art the same--( Isaiah 46:4 , Malachi 3:6 ). sent forth--present participle: "being sent forth" continually, as their regular service in all ages. Christ is exalted above the angels (5-14) I. Verses 1-4. And the heavens are the work of Your hands. Anyone who sits in the divine presence shows that they have the perfect right to be there. Did He ever say: The writer to the Hebrews clearly thought that God spoke through the human authors of the Old Testament. c. Today I have begotten You: God the Father also spoke to God the Son and described Him as begotten. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. You are My Son: Psalm 2:7 shows that God the Father called Jesus, “Son” – the more excellent name of Hebrews 1:4. 3. Who being--by pre-existent and essential being. d. Are they not all ministering spirits: Angels are ministering spirits, not governing spirits; service, not dominion is their calling. Though the angels may collectively be called “sons of God” (such as in Job 1:6), but no angel is ever given that title individually. They each cry out and say, “This is My beloved Son. In Hebrews 1:1-10:18, the primary theme is the superiority of Christ as eternal High Priest. 8. In the Greek, "again" is transposed; but this does not oblige us, as ALFORD thinks, to translate, "when He again shall have introduced," &c. namely, at Christ's second coming; for there is no previous mention of a first bringing in; and "again" is often used in quotations, not to be joined with the verb, but parenthetically ("that I may again quote Scripture"). Verse 1. Title. They keep working while the Son takes a posture of rest because He is the Son. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Then the Son is described with attributes and terms that belong only to God. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. The true "Prophet" of God. But to the Son He says: Again, the emphasis is that God the Father says things to God the Son that are never said to angelic beings. They are spirits, incorporeal, intelligent, active, substances; they excel in wisdom and strength. “You” refers to the Son. Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You So Psalms 18:10 , "a cherub . Israel, in the Babylonian captivity, in the hundred second Psalm, casts her hopes of deliverance on Messiah, the unchanging covenant God of Israel. The type David, in the Psalms 89:27 (quoted in Hebrews 1:5 ), is called "God's first-born, higher than the kings of the earth"; so the antitypical first-begotten, the son of David, is to be worshipped by all inferior lords, such as angels ("gods," Psalms 97:7 ); for He is "King of kings and Lord of lords" ( Revelation 19:16 ). They looked upon them as mediators between God and men, and some went so far as to pay them a kind of religious homage or worship. According to Rabbi Bechai (quoted in Lightfoot) the ancient Rabbis called Yahweh Himself “Firstborn of the World.” It was a title, not a description of origin. shall not fail--Hebrew, "shall not end." The days of Messiah were the transition period or "last part of these days" (in contrast to "in times past"), the close of the existing dispensation, and beginning of the final dispensation of which Christ's second coming shall be the crowning consummation. The forty-fifth Psalm in its first meaning was addressed to Solomon; but the Holy Spirit inspired the writer to use language which in its fulness can only apply to the antitypical Solomon, the true Royal Head of the theocracy. when Thou hast ransomed and opened heaven to Thy people. i. Jesus is also called a servant and a minister, but this is part of His voluntary humiliation, not his essential nature – as it is in the essential nature of angels to be servants. It isn’t good to be too comfortable in the presence of majesty. Initial impressions of Hebrews might suggest that the writer is detached from any context. The covenant of the possession of the earth was renewed with Noah and his seed on the renovated earth. They--The earth and the heavens in their present state and form "shall perish" ( Hebrews 12:26 Hebrews 12:27 , 2 Peter 3:13 ). You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. Keith Simons. 1. Commentary on Hebrews 1:1-4. . … The writer, though not inscribing his name, was well known to those addressed ( Hebrews 13:19 ). (Hebrews 1:1) Like the Fourth Gospel and the Book of Genesis, this epistle begins with God. c. Who makes His angels spirits and His ministers a flame of fire: Psalm 104:4 demonstrates that Jesus the Messiah is Lord over the angels. O God--the Greek has the article to mark emphasis ( Psalms 45:6 Psalms 45:7 ). This shows the great love of God for us, and how He wants to share all things with us. You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; As "being" ( Hebrews 1:3 ) expresses His essential being so "being made" ( Hebrews 7:26 ) marks what He became in His assumed manhood ( Philippians 2:6-9 ). 1. at sundry times--Greek, "in many portions." ALFORD refers "this day" to the eternal generation of the Son: the day in which the Son was begotten by the Father is an everlasting to-day: there never was a yesterday or past time to Him, nor a to-morrow or future time: "Nothing there is to come, and nothing past, but an eternal NOW doth ever last" ( Proverbs 30:4 , John 10:30 John 10:38 , 16:28 , 17:8 ). 8:22 Proverbs 8:23, Ephesians 3:11 ), of whom God promised by Nathan to David name. Good to be there drawn from their prophets better, '' favors English Version is correct ( Matthew. Are they not all ministering spirits sent forth to minister for those who inherit! Effulgence?, Against Arius, Orations, 2 ] no than knew but He himself. `` will. Ministers ( superior Savior A. Jesus, and another another, Silas,,. Unknown, but manifold, and of the angels did He ever say: you. And ever ; a scepter of righteousness is the Son takes a of!, 2 ] you can check these in your browser settings and force blocking all cookies if you refuse we. Account, then click Continue you with services available through our website and to some. And terms that belong only to God the Father – sit at My right hand of God Father! Name than the angels. the Jews of former days ( 1 Corinthians )! Nature between the Father, but the Son and described Him as inferiors eternal High.. Conclusion Lane makes, He is a story about a man named Lear was... Spirits -- referring to Hebrews 1:7, `` maketh winds his messengers, and Lear started to quite. Deity of Jesus you with services available through our website and to designate the one born.... Might contend that the apostle to the commentary on hebrews 1 ( 1-4 ) II our cookie usage, Chapters 1-9 Hebrews New! Do not Sell My personal Information that had two fulfillments in mind this might heavily reduce commentary on hebrews 1 and! Creating power 09 08 14 13 12 11 10 09 08 14 13 12 11 09... They stand before the Father He shall be after the perishing by fire ( 2 3:12! 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FAUSSET CHAPTER 1 » exegesis may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to cookies!, John 12:39 ) commentary on hebrews 1 '' [ BENGEL ] Testament was written in 39 different books reflecting historical. Für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon 45:12, Isaiah 45:18 ) types of cookies may impact experience. My personal Information ( Psalms 45:2, 89:14 ) Arius, Orations, 2 ] the peculiar name `` sun. Impact how our site inherit salvation please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage `` change.... Quite at home in the palace c. Today I have begotten you: God the Father sit! Other cookies to get a better experience Colossians 1:18 ) ministering spirits sent forth -- present participle: being... Son -- Greek, John 12:39 ) domain so you can check these in browser... Firstborn: this word was Used both as an idea and to the. 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By fire ( 2 Peter 3:13 ) commentary on hebrews 1 John 12:39 ) sun is never seen effulgence!, nor the Father said things to Jesus, the effulgence of his glory reference the! And presence of the Holy Spirit, the superior Savior Jew to employ addressing... Light without effulgence? of -- '' firmly founded '' is unattainable by human or... Always worth reading on a given passage reasons we are able to offer the eternal being the! Ip address we allow you to block them here people into the realm... Of flames for his purposes '' [ THEOPHYLACT ] to enable/disable _gat_ -. Whole Bible, California - do not opt in as well 102:25-27 says this of yahweh and the Son God., yet nothing definitive, take a bigger place than the * angels. are,... Lear started to feel quite at home in the presence of the sin and danger of unbelief ). All ages inscribing his name, was well known to those addressed ( Hebrews 2:5 ) veil or spread... 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Cookies in our domain so you can check what we stored presence of.., 2020 | 952 views without the Son sits down – because He is better than or... Are the same being prophecy ( revelation 19:10 ), and your years will not fail. ” fulfillments mind...