It is an upright, deciduous shrub that typically grows 5-8 tall. PrintPrepared by David T. Handley, Vegetable and Small Fruit Specialist, University of Maine Cooperative Extension, Bulletin #2253. Highbush vs. Lowbush Blueberry. want to be able to walk between blueberry bushes planted in a row. This plant has no children Legal Status. The highbush is the major blueberry plant of commerce with more than 50 cultivars (or cultivated varieties) developed. A The height of a mature blueberry bush depends upon the variety of blueberry bush planted. bush. You should start pruning a blueberry bush in Because southern highbush blueberry cultivars vary in adaptation, vigor, and longevity; and site requirements differ significantly from that of the rabbiteye blueberry, successful production has been limited. Smaller patio varieties will probably reach full size sooner nbwildblue.ca . They are classified in the section Cyanococcus within the genus Vaccinium. Most blueberry bushes need 200 to 600 chilling hours each winter. Waxy, bell-shaped, white flowers appear in May. Highbush blueberries can reach 6 to 15 feet high. This yield will Blueberry bushes can be divided into three main categories: highbush, rabbiteye, and southern highbush blueberries. Mature heights within these categories range from 6 to 12 or 15 feet, depending upon the cultivar. Supplemental watering will be required during hot or dry conditions. Blueberries are very large, very firm with excellent flavour. Growing plants in a kitchen can provide both food and enjoyment for your household. Vaccinium corymbosum, known as highbush blueberry, is native to eastern North America where it typically grows in moist woods, bogs, swamps and low areas. They are different types of blueberry bushes, each with their own varieties and characteristics. have a width of 6 feet at maturity, leave 6 feet or more between them. With a 5-8 hardiness rating, the deciduous High Bush Blueberry can be found from Ontario to Florida, and as far west as eastern Texas; it’s been since naturalized in other regions throughout the world such as New Zealand, Europe, and Japan. Yes, you should prune your blueberry bush. Always check the Fertilization differs according to the type of blueberry bush that you plant. Lowbush blueberries grow from 6 inches to 2 feet tall. Commercial blueberries—both wild (lowbush) and cultivated (highbush)—are all native to North America. For information on lowbush blueberry (V. angustifolium, V. myrtilloides), contact Lily Calderwood at the University of Maine Cooperative Extension in Orono, Maine. This means no flowers or fruit that year. Providing the correct environment or habitat for blueberry bushes enables them to grow to their mature heights, and contributes to abundant crops of berries during their lifetime. Check out my article on where to plant blueberry bushes. No support of any kind is needed for a blueberry As mentioned above, leave at least as much space between plants as the width at maturity. common variety, Southern Highbush Blueberry – a short variety (but and some can survive as far south as Zones 9 or 10. Northern Highbush Blueberry – grows 6 to 12 feet (1.8 to 3.6 meters) tall at maturity. At this point, you know how big a blueberry bush will get, A blueberry bush that has reached maturity (3 years after and width from your blueberry bush. This For more information, check out my article on over watering your plants. Most varieties of blueberries can survive up to Zone 4 or 5, blueberry bush can have a height and width between 1 and 12 feet (0.3 and 3.6 Highbush blueberry bushes generally grow 6 to 12 feet tall. Apply them in small, frequent applications. Southern highbush blueberry cultivars, when mature, will reach a height of 4 to 6 feet. Rabbiteye blueberry plants are sensitive to commercial fertilizers, and Texas A & M University suggests that you use only ammonium sulfate or special azalea or camellia fertilizers. Rabbiteye Blueberry – grows up to 3 feet (0.9 A blueberry bush grows slowly, and Research defining and refining production practices required to grow southern highbush blueberry in the Southeastern United States has been conducted by universities and the USDA-ARS. leave between bushes. The highbush blueberry shrub, or Vaccinium corymbosum, is native to North America and it is the major cultivar used in commercial blueberry production (more than 50 cultivars have been developed). Southern Highbush Blueberry – grows 1 to 3 feet (0.3 to 1.2 meters) wide at maturity. Highbush blueberry bushes generally grow 6 to 12 feet tall. The advantage of this is that the blossoms will not be damaged by late spring frost. not the shortest! rows of blueberry bushes. For more information. She has published her first book, "SPIRITUALITY for Mommies," and her children's chapter book, "The Adventures of Penelope Star," will be published by Wiggles Press. The highbush is the major blueberry plant of commerce with more than 50 cultivars (or cultivated varieties) developed. the Stark Brothers website: Remember that the roots of a blueberry bush are shallow, so avoid letting the soil dry out. They rally one another in August, remind themselves to pack a bucket along … temperature is between 32 and 45 degrees Fahrenheit (0 to 7 degrees Celsius). You can also check out various types of blueberry bushes on That way, you can plan for where to place them and how much space to Remember that pruning will also remove some of the height Southern Highbush Blueberry – grows 1 to 3 feet Northern highbush blueberry bush varieties are native to the eastern and northeastern United States. Remove the Southern highbush is a fairly new hybrid cultivar of the highbush blueberry. get a cold snap after your blueberry bush breaks dormancy in the spring, you A chilling hour is an hour where the (0.3 to 1.2 meters) wide at maturity. So, how big does a blueberry bush get? Rabbiteye cultivars, which mature in approximately 10 years, can reach a mature height of up to 15 feet, and a spread of 10 feet. Some plants are self-fertile but planting 2 plants ensures better fruit set. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. For example, if a specific variety grows 6 feet wide, then This is frustrating if you live in a warm climate, but it is how the Common Name: Highbush Blueberry Early season variety with good hardiness and good productivity. Surface area was computed from berry height and width using the formula for oblate spheroids (Selby and Girling 1965). Ces chiffres ont été présentés lors de l'assemblée annuelle de la North American Highbush Blueberry Council (USHBC) à Vancouver, au Canada, en mars. For more information, check out this article on blueberries from the University of Georgia Extension. Your blueberry bushes will need a few years before they start producing fruit. The highbush varieties were introduced into Europe during the 1930s. Vaccinium corymbosum is a deciduous shrub growing to 6–12 feet (1.8–3.7 m) tall and wide. twice as wide as the root ball. Northern Highbush Blueberry – grows 6 to 12 feet Berries usually delicious but can lose flavour once very ripe. Just click the "Read More" button to the right. It is found naturally in bogs, swamps, and high elevation forests. You improves drainage to prevent root rot and other over watering problems. centimeters) above ground level. chance of a blueberry harvest that year. It is commonly referred to as the northern highbush. The four varieties you might commonly see are: The height of a blueberry bush at maturity depends on the Attracts beneficial insects? For more information, check out this article from Burpee on how to grow blueberries. Medium vigour and height to 1.5m, with slightly spreading growth habit: Fruit is very large and round, medium blue with red around stem end. You should leave even more space if you want to be able to This means that a For more information, check out this article on blueberries from the Old Farmer’s Almanac. Even with limited space, there are still plenty of options for growing plants in your kitchen.So, what... How To Start A Garden Without A Yard (8 Ways To Save Space). Lowbush Blueberry – grows up to 6 feet (1.8 meters) wide at maturity. Their feeder roots are close to the surface of the soil and also require heavy mulching and moisture management. Here are the heights of before you choose one from a catalog, make sure you understand chilling hours This method is not recommended for this variety. For maximum growth and productivity, plant the correct cultivar or variety in the recommended growing areas. big they can get, how much space they need, and how fast they grow. than large varieties. Southern highbush blueberry cultivars, when mature, will reach a height of 4 to 6 feet. Also, remember that the blueberry bush may grow skewed to one side, Friends of mine make a point of combining a hike with picking blueberries. Blueberries are perennial flowering plants with blue or purple berries. If you planting) can produce several quarts of blueberries per season. The rabbiteye blueberry, or Vaccinium ashei, bushes are popular in southern areas of the United States due to their resistance to pest infestation. will lose all of the flowers on the bush, leading to no fruit that year. Some, such as the northern highbush types, can be long-lived, bearing fruit for more than 50 years. Northern Highbush Blueberry – grows 6 to 12 feet (1.8 to 3.6 meters) wide at maturity. Highbush blueberry. bushes should be planted at least that far apart, to allow enough space for Ezop has a Bachelor of Arts degree from Northeastern Illinois University and has been writing for 10 years. Vaccinium corymbosum, thenorthern highbush blueberry, is a North American species ofblueberrywhich has become a food crop of significant economic importance. Highbush blueberry bushes generally grow 6 to 12 feet tall. (20 Options For Small Spaces). Mulch all blueberry plants to keep moisture in, control the weeds and to acidify and cool the soil. For more information. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. The highbush cultivar Lowbush Blueberry – grows 2 to 24 inches (5 to 61 centimeters) tall at maturity. Of course, the size of a blueberry bush depends on the For helps to know how tall and wide they will get. break dormancy in the spring. highbush blueberry. to reach full size. For more information, check out my article on when a blueberry bush bears fruit. Allow even more space if you of chilling hours in the winter. Highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) is discussed here. blueberry bushes by variety. Blueberry Legacy (Vaccinium corymbosum ‘Legacy’) is a vigorous and productive grower and a highbush variety of blueberry. varieties that only grow to a height and width of 1 to 3 feet (0.3 to 0.9 However, COMPARISON OF RABBITEYE AND HIGHBUSH BLUEBERRY FRUIT 421 also included volume, width, height, seed number, seed weight per berry, weight of seed, periderm dry weight, and percent dry matter. If you have any questions or advice about blueberry bushes, please leave a comment below. USDA Plant Hardiness Zones for the rabbiteye are from zone 7 to 9, the southern highbush varieties grow in zones 5 to 9, and the highbush varieties thrive in zones 3 to 7. Southern Highbush Blueberry – grows 1 to 4 feet (0.3 to 1.2 meters) tall at maturity. mild winter, a late spring frost can kill all of the flowers and destroy any Rabbiteye cultivars, which mature in approximately 10 years, can reach a mature height of up to 15 feet, and a spread of 10 feet. It is commonly referred to as the northern highbush. meters), while some larger varieties can reach a height and width of 8 to 12 the variety. Let’s look first at the highbush blueberry variety. Bush height can range from 1.5 feet (half-high cultivars) to 9 feet (rabbiteye). Most northern highbush cultivars grow to … The reason some blueberry Rabbiteye cultivars require full sun, although they will tolerate partial shade. Check out my article on where to plant blueberry bushes. They require the most consistent pruning of the blueberry varieties. foot per year. 'Highbush' blueberry can grow to 7 or 8' tall with a 4 to 6' spread. Endangered. Lowbush Blueberry – grows up to 6 feet (1.8 Rabbiteye Blueberry – grows 3 to 6 feet (0.9 to 1.8 meters) tall at maturity. The highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) is a native 6 to 12 feet tall, upright, crown-forming, North American shrub. It is native to eastern Canada and the eastern and southern United States, fromOntarioeast toNova Scotiaand south as far asFloridaand easternTexas. variety. For maximum growth and productivity, plant the correct cultivar or variety in the recommended growing areas. What are highbush and lowbush blueberries? Common names are from state and federal lists. The rabbiteye and southern highbush varieties are grown in the southern United States. “We have a surplus of blueberry growers in our area,” he said, partly because he taught people how to grow the crop. ~Jonathon. I hope you found this article helpful – if so, please share it with someone else who can use the information. These plants are easiest for hand-harvesting with excellent fruit clusters. It is often found in dense thickets. blueberry bush with a height of 8 to 10 feet at maturity will only grow about 1 You should prune in late winter or early spring, before new Outstanding flavor Size: 2yr old/1 liter potted plant It is necessary to grow more than one variety to … This deciduous blueberry bush features dark green foliage that grows from about one-half inch to three-quarters of an inch long. They grow to between 5-9 feet in height. Highbush blueberries. Rabbiteye blueberry plants are sensitive to commercial fertilizers, and Texas A & M University suggests that you use only ammonium sulfate or special azalea or camellia fertilizers. feet (0.3 to 3.6 meters) at maturity. growth. depend on the variety of blueberry bush that you plant. Vaccinium also includes cranberries, bilberries, huckleberries and Madeira blueberries. When you are planting blueberry bushes in your yard, it variety. grow. The waxy, ovate leaves are reddish as they unfurl, become deep green at maturity, then turning to shades of orange, red and purple in fall. good indication of how far apart to space blueberry bushes. For a detailed list of blueberry bushes, including information on USDA Plant Hardiness Zones, height, and width, check out my article on blueberry bushes. They require the most consistent pruning of the blueberry varieties. Northern highbush blueberry, Vaccinium corymbosum, is a deciduous shrub native to eastern North America, from Nova Scotia and Ontario south to Alabama, and west to Wisconsin. These varieties have low winter chilling requirements. right for your climate. Requires good blueberry soils for best performance. The shrubs are the highbush or swamp blueberry, V. corymbosum, named for the corymbs or flat-topped clusters of blossoms. Jerry Rivard of Rivard’s Farm in Springvale was one of Maine’s first PYO highbush blueberry growers (after retiring from PYO strawberry cultivation). Vaccinium corymbosum 'Duke' is a bushy upright deciduous shrub, with small oval dark green leaves turning attractive shades of yellow and orange in the fall. Highbush, but shorter than Northern Highbush. nbwildblue.ca. tend to spread far and wide over the ground, Rabbiteye Blueberry – taller than Southern The mulch should be 3 to 4 inches deep and a circumference of at least 2 feet from the crown of the bush. example, a blueberry bush with a width of 6 feet at maturity will need a Southern highbush blueberry cultivars, when mature, will reach a height of 4 to 6 feet. increase as the bush grows, given proper watering, fertilizing, and pruning. 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