Lange took seven photos that day, the last being the famous Migrant Mother. Considering its impact, it is ironic that Migrant Mother is not typical of Lange’s usual practice. They were shocked to find so many people camping there—as many as 2,500 to 3,500. Dorothea Lange. Seven hungry children. The images were made using a Graflex camera. She took seven images in the course of ten minutes. "[3] As Lange was funded by the federal government when she took the picture, the image was public domain, and Lange was not entitled to royalties. Dorothea Lange (born Dorothea Margaretta Nutzhorn; May 26, 1895 – October 11, 1965) was an American documentary photographer and photojournalist, best known for her Depression-era work for the Farm Security Administration (FSA). [11], Though Thompson's 10 children bought her a house in Modesto, California in the 1970s, Thompson found she preferred living in a mobile home and moved back into one. ", Thompson's identity was discovered in the late 1970s. [17] The stamp printing was unusual, as daughters Katherine McIntosh (on the left in the stamp) and Norma Rydlewski (in Thompson's arms in the stamp) were alive at the time of the printing; usually, the Postal Service does not print stamps of individuals who have not been dead for at least 10 years. Dorothea Lange was an American documentary photographer and photojournalist. "[1], Florence Owens Thompson was born Florence Leona Christie on September 1, 1903, in Indian Territory, present-day Oklahoma. Years later, Thompson told an interviewer that when she cooked food for her children that day, other children appeared from the pea pickers' camp asking, "Can I have a bite? (35.24 x 27.94 cm) (mount) Type: Photograph By 1931, Thompson was pregnant with her sixth child, when her husband Cleo died of tuberculosis. The photograph popularly known as “Migrant Mother” has become an icon of the Great Depression. Mère migrante, Migrant Mother en anglais, est la photographie la plus célèbre de Dorothea Lange et une des plus connues du programme de la Farm Security Administration (FSA). She said that they had been living on frozen vegetables from the surrounding fields and birds that the children killed. Migrant Mother became the most iconic image of the 160,000 Dorothea Lange took to document the Great Depression. This marriage brought her far greater financial security than she had previously enjoyed. In 1978, acting on a tip, Modesto Bee reporter Emmett Corrigan located Thompson at her mobile home in Space 24 of the Modesto Mobile Village and recognized her from the 42-year-old photograph. The Library of Congress titled the image: "Destitute pea pickers in California. Her name was … As she waited, photographer Dorothea Lange, working for the Resettlement Administration, drove up and started taking photos of Thompson and her family. Nipomo, California." Dorothea Lange's 1936 photograph of a worried migrant mother is the single most iconic image of the Great Depression, and one of the most famous pictures of … Extended captions and supplementary textual files relating to this series in the FSA Written Records have not been found. I tended bar. I do not remember how I explained my presence or my camera to her, but I do remember she asked me no questions. The "Migrant Mother" by Dorothea Lange Thesis Statement The photograph of the "Migrant Mother" was taken by Dorothea Lange in March 1936 during her trip to Nimpo during the Great Depression. The others were marvelous, but that was special ... . The San Francisco News ran the pictures almost immediately and reported that 2,500 to 3,500 migrant workers were starving in Nipomo, California. Dorothea Lange Migrant Mother, Nipomo, California March 1936 Not on view For many, Lange’s Migrant Mother, Nipomo, California is the single most recognizable image from the Great Depression, epitomizing the desperate circumstances many found themselves in during that period. Destitute peapickers in California; a 32 year old mother of seven children. She said that they had been living on frozen vegetables from the surrounding fields, and birds that the children killed. Dorothea Lange's "Migrant Mother" Photographs in the Farm Security Administration Collection, Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information collection overview, Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information black-and-white negatives rights statement. These people had just sold their tent in order to buy food. Program information: http://www.c-span.org/History/Events/American-Artifacts-1930s-40s-Color-Photographs/10737436052/ [20], Thompson was hospitalized and her family appealed for financial help in late August 1983. Both her parents were of Cherokee descent. Dorothea Lange. I done a little bit of everything to make a living for my kids. "[13], While the image was being prepared for exhibit in 1938,[14] the negative of the photo was retouched to remove Florence's thumb from the lower-right corner of the image. She didn't ask my name. Well after World War II, Thompson met and married hospital administrator George Thompson. [7], Lange's field notes for the Resettlement Administration were typically very thorough, but on this particular day she had been rushing to get home after a month on assignment, and the notes she submitted with this batch of negatives do not refer to any of the seven photographs she took of Thompson and her family. Lange was concluding a month's trip photographing migratory farm labor around the state for what was then the Resettlement Administration. Dorothea Lange Migrant Mother. Things to consider: Why is the image in black and white? Dorothea Lange. Sally Stein, ‘Passing Likeness: Dorothea Lange’s “Migrant Mother” and the Paradox of Iconicity’, in Only Skin Deep: Changing Visions of the American Self, exhibition catalogue, International Centre of Photography, New York 2004, pp.345–55, reproduced p.344. Dorothea Lange, Migrant Mother, and the Documentary Tradition Dorothea Lange Migrant agricultural worker's family. This is a picture of a 32 year old lady known as Florence Owen Thompson and her three children. "Destitute pea pickers in California. The image which later became known as Migrant Mother "achieved near mythical status, symbolizing, if not defining, an entire era in United States history". Mother of seven children. (From: Lange's "The Assignment I'll Never Forget: Migrant Mother," Popular Photography, Feb. 1960). "Florence Thompson, 'Migrant Mother,' Dies". She said: "We never had a lot, but she always made sure we had something. Destitute in a pea pickers camp because of the failure of the early pea crop. She is best know for photographs of the great depression. The following are the six other photos: Collection of the Oakland Museum of California, Farm Security Administration–Office of War Information Photograph Collection, Library of Congress, Native-American farm worker, subject of Dorothea Lange's famous photo Migrant Mother. Age thirty-two. Age thirty-two. Hanna Soltys, Reference Librarian, Prints & Photographs Division By Lennard Davis. The family lived on a small farm in Indian Territory outside of Tahlequah. Edward Steichen described them as "the most remarkable human documents ever rendered in pictures. Dorothea Lange, Migrant Mother, Nipomo California, 1936, printed later, gelatin silver print, 35.24 x 27.78 cm (Los Angeles County Museum of Art, PG.1997.2). Mother of seven children. (American, 1895–1965) 1936. The photograph that has become known as "Migrant Mother" is one of a series of photographs that Dorothea Lange made of Florence Owens Thompson and her children in March of 1936 in Nipomo, California. Of the photographs that came out of the Great Depression, few had as immediate or timeless impact as the one colloquially called Migrant Mother. "An Appeal For A Face From The Depression", "Girl from iconic Great Depression photo: 'We were ashamed, Overview of the Migrant Mother series at the LOC, Video of interview of Florence Owens Thompson, Interview with Katherine McIntosh and Norma Rydlewski (Katherine is the baby in the photo and Norma was four years-old when the image was taken); 36 minutes - produced by Blackside for, Article on the photo shoot and reinterpretation of an image, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Florence_Owens_Thompson&oldid=997340851, People notable for being the subject of a specific photograph, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 01:58. [16] In October 2005, an anonymous buyer paid $296,000 at Sotheby's for the 32 rediscovered Lange photos—nearly six times their pre-bid estimate. In addition to this work assignment, however, Lange also found herself working on a personal project: photographing the real-life effects of the Great Depression. Lange’s photographs influenced the development of documentary photography and humanized the consequences of the Great Depression. While she waited, she was approached by an apparently friendly photographer named Dorothea Lange, who was touring the Central Valley at the request of the federal government to document the plight of migrant laborers. [16] After the death of Hendrie and his wife, their daughter, Marian Tankersley, rediscovered the photos while emptying her parents' San Jose home. [18], In the same month the U.S. stamp was issued, a print of the photograph with Lange's handwritten notes and signature sold in 1998 for $244,500 at Sotheby's New York. I don't believe Dorothea Lange was lying, I just think she had one story mixed up with another. 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