Michael II. Dumbarton OaksResearch Library and Collection1703 32nd Street, NWWashington, DC 20007, Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos (945–959), ©2020 Dumbarton Oaks, Washington, D.C. Trustees for Harvard University, https://www.doaks.org/resources/online-exhibits/gods-regents-on-earth-a-thousand-years-of-byzantine-imperial-seals/rulers-of-byzantium/michael-viii-palaiologos-1261-82, https://www.doaks.org/@@site-logo/news-logo.png, Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, God’s Regents on Earth: A Thousand Years of Byzantine Imperial Seals. Michael VIII Palaiologos (1223-11 December 1282) was Emperor of Nicaea from 1 January 1259 to 15 August 1261 (succeeding John IV Laskaris) and Emperor of the Byzantine Empire from 15 August 1261 to 11 December 1282 (succeeding the Latin emperor Baldwin of Courtenay and preceding Andronicus II).. Michael VIII was the founder of the Palaiologan dynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empire until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. Michael VIII Palaiologos (1261–1282) Michael Palaiologos rose out of the power vacuum left behind by the early death of Theodore II Laskaris in 1258. Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as Byzantine Emperor 1259–1282. In alliance with the Epirotes and the King of Sicily, they fought the emperor's brother John Palaiologos at Pelagonia in 1259. He took measures for the rehabilitation, repopulation, and defense of Constantinople. Michael VIII entered the city on 15 August and had himself crowned together with his infant son Andronikos II Palaiologos. Michael VIII Palaiologos of Paleologus (Grieks: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 - 11 Desember 1282) was van 1259 tot 1261 medekeiser van die Niceense Ryk en van 1261 tot met sy dood keiser van die Bisantynse Ryk.. Hy was die stigter van die Palaiologos-dinastie wat tot met die val van Konstantinopel in 1453 oor die Bisantynse Ryk regeer het. Venice’s aim in particular was to recover the broad trading privileges it had exercised in the days of the Latin empire and to oust its arch foe, the Genoese, from the lucrative Greek markets. Mikhael VIII adalah pendiri dinasti Palaiologos yang akan menguasai Bizantium hingga jatuhnya Konstantinopel tahun 1453. Alexios Palaiologos, despotes (d. 1203) 26. A scion of several former imperial families (Ducas, Angelus, Comnenus), Michael passed a rather uneventful boyhood, seemingly marked primarily by fantasies of himself recovering Constantinople from the Latins; he spent much of his youth living in the imperial palaces at Nicaea and Nicomedia. Perhaps more important, most of them refused to accept papal ecclesiastical supremacy, which they felt, however obscurely, would lead to restoration of Latin political domination and possibly even cultural assimilation to the Latins. Andronikos II was born Andronikos Doukas Angelos Komnenos Palaiologos (Greek: Ἀνδρόνικος Δούκας Ἄγγελος Κομνηνός Παλαιολόγος) at Nicaea. One of his generals, Alexios Strategopoulos, happened to be near Constantinople, and on discovering that the garrison was absent he quickly seized the city on 15th July 1261. The new dynasty was thus founded in an atmosphere of dissension, but its founder was determined that it should succeed. Michael VIII Palaiologos: 24. Eventually Charles lost Sicily to Aragon and his entire Mediterranean empire crumbled. Faced with rebellion by Lascarid supporters in Asia Minor, Michael succeeded, in the eyes of many Greeks, in legitimating his rule by retaking Constantinople from the Latins. He even launched an attack across the Adriatic on Berat (in modern Albania) under the French general Sully but was repulsed by Michael. At this point Michael allied with Peter III of Aragon, who agreed to attack Sicily. At the behest of the papacy Charles had conquered the Kingdom of Sicily from its German king. After the Fourth Crusade, members of the family fled to the neighboring Empire of Nicaea, ruled by the Laskaris family, where Michael VIII Palaiologos became senior co-emperor to the young John IV Laskaris in 1259. Michael IX Palaeologus, (born c. 1277—died Oct. 12, 1320, Thessalonica, Byzantine Empire), Byzantine co-emperor with his father, Andronicus II, from 1295 who, despite his efforts in fighting the Turks and in resisting the encroachments of the Catalan mercenaries, was unable to reverse the decline of the empire.. To quote a chronicler, “he aspired to the monarchy of the world, hoping thereby to recreate the great empire of Julius Caesar by joining East and West.”. Michael VIII. Andronikos Doukas Palaiologos: 12. He was the eldest surviving son of Michael VIII Palaiologos and Theodora Palaiologina, grandniece of John III Doukas Vatatzes. The diplomatic duel between Charles and Michael was intensified, with Charles striving unceasingly to prepare his troops and navy. Císař musel bezprostředně po převzetí moci čelit nepřátelům na Balkáně, když epirský despota Michael II. Specifically, they objected to such parts of the Latin liturgy as the Filioque (statement of belief in the procession of the Holy Spirit from the Son and the Father) and the use of the azyme (unleavened bread). Michael VIII Palaeologus (Graece Μιχαὴλ Παλαιολόγος; natus anno circiter 1223; mortuus die 11 Decembris 1282) fuit magnus dux et postea imperator Byzantinus, primus imperator domus Palaeologorum.Fuit filius Andronici Ducae Comneni Palaeologi quem e Theodora Angelina Palaeologina genuit. Mikhael VIII adalah pendiri dinasti Palaiologos yang akan menguasai Bizantium hingga jatuhnya Konstantinopel tahun 1453. Michael VIII. Nevertheless, for political reasons, Michael had struggled to maintain the union. When Michael VIII entered the city, its population was 35,000 people, but he succeeded in increasing it to 70,000 people by the end of his reign. In 1261 CE, Michael’s forces succeeded in capturing Constantinople while the Latin knights were off fighting elsewhere. 27. Professor of History and Religious Studies, Yale University. Later, on the death of the emperor Theodore II Lascaris in 1258, Michael was chosen regent for Theodore’s six-year-old son, John Lascaris. John defeated the crusaders, and captured many of their leaders. Michael VIII entered the city on 15 August and had himself crowned together with his infant son Andronikos II Palaiologos. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Michael's realm was beset on all sides by enemies. He recovered Constantinople from the Latin Empirein 1261 and transformed the Empire of Nicaea into a restored Byzantine Empire. In his maneuvers to recover his throne from Michael, Baldwin finally entered into a diplomatic and matrimonial alliance with a man who was the West’s ablest diplomat—in his machinations almost the equal of Michael himself—Charles of Anjou, brother of St. Louis of France. Michael VIII Palaiologos (r. 1259-1281 CE) Miniature from the manuscript of Pachymeres' Historia, 14th century CE. Michael VIII Palaiologos synonyms, Michael VIII Palaiologos pronunciation, Michael VIII Palaiologos translation, English dictionary definition of Michael VIII Palaiologos. He stimulated a revival of trade by granting privileges to Italian merchants.…, In 1261 the Nicaean emperor Michael Palaeologus recaptured Constantinople from the Latins, and an Orthodox patriarch again occupied the see in Hagia Sophia. Michael VIII was the founder of the Palaeologan dynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empire until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. In matrimonium duxit Theodoram Ducaenam Batatzaenam et ex ea genuit: Wo si General Alexios Strategopulos in dr Nacht zum 25. Michael II. The new dynasty was thus founded in an atmosphere of dissension, but its founder was determined that it should succeed. Palaiologos dovršil obnovu byzantské říše, kterou započali jeho předchůdci v nikájském exilu. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Μιχαῆλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος Emperor of Nicaea and Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Painting of Michael VIII Mikhael VIII Palaiologos (Yunani: Μιχαήλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos) (1223 – 11 Desember 1282) berkuasa sebagai kaisar Bizantium 1259–1282. Michael VIII Palaiologos Label from public data source Wikidata Sources found : Michael VIII Palaiologos ho eleutherotēs, 2005: p. 395, etc. Michael spent vast amounts of money trying to restore Constantinople after half a century of neglect under the Latin emperors. Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαήλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos) (1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as Byzantine Emperor 1259–1282.Michael VIII was the founder of the Palaiologan dynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empire until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. Updates? This information is … In order to protect his empir… 1200) 28. Palaiologos dovršil obnovu byzantské říše, kterou započali jeho předchůdci v nikájském exilu. Michael VIII Palaeologus, (born 1224 or 1225—died December 11, 1282, Thrace), Nicaean emperor (1259–61) and then Byzantine emperor (1261–82), who in 1261 restored the Byzantine Empire to the Greeks after 57 years of Latin occupation and who founded the Palaeologan dynasty, the last and longest-lived of the empire’s ruling houses. The denouement to this remarkable contest was the outbreak on March 30/31, 1282, of the Sicilian Vespers, the massacre of the French signaling the revolt against Charles. The exhibition begins by evoking Michael VIII Palaiologos 's triumphant August entry into Constantinople by confronting you with a large icon of the Virgin and Child, surrounded by "feast scenes"--major events in the life of Christ and the Virgin celebrated by the Greek church--and backed by a Crucifixion with the sorrowing Virgin and St. Michael VIII Palaiologos (1261–1282) Michael Palaiologos rose out of the power vacuum left behind by the early death of Theodore II Laskaris in 1258. He founded the Palaiologos Dynasty, the longest and last dynasty of Byzantine rulers. Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, romanized: Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as the co-emperor of the Empire of Nicaea from 1259 to 1261, and as Byzantine Emperor from 1261 until his death. Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as Byzantine Emperor 1259–1282. From the first, Michael’s hold on the throne was precarious, surrounded as it was on all sides by Latins desirous of restoring Latin rule. Mikhael VIII Palaiologos hoặc Palaeologus (tiếng Hy Lạp cổ: Μιχαήλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, chuyển tự Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 – 1282) là Hoàng đế Đông La Mã trị vì từ năm 1259 đến 1282. Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as Byzantine Emperor 1259–1282. Still, Michael VIII returned to the city and was proclaimed emperor there, marking the restoration of the Byzantine Empire. Included in the vast network of alliances erected by Charles to conquer the Greek East were not only Sicily, parts of Italy, Greek Lascarid dissidents, various Slavs of the Balkans, Baldwin, France, and Venice but also the papacy. That promise provoked the violent opposition of most of Michael’s own people, who opposed union on doctrinal grounds. In 1261, forces loyal to Michael recaptured Constantinople, which had been under the occupati In preparation Charles formed an anti–Byzantine alliance that included the pope, the former Latin emperor, the Prince of Achaea, the Epirotes, Serbia, and Bulgaria. Michael VIII Palaiologosor Palaeologus(Greek: Μιχαήλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos) (1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as Byzantine Emperor 1259–1282. Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as Byzantine Emperor 1259–1282. Omissions? But it cannot be denied that his policy of using ecclesiastical union to stave off Charles’s attack on his capital and the deep opposition that policy provoked among the Byzantine population established a fateful precedent for later Byzantine history. (Michael Palaiologos; Michel Paléologue) Byzantium was saved from a second occupation by the Latins. In exchange for the papal promise to restrain Charles from attacking Constantinople, Michael promised to bring about religious union of the Greek church with Rome. Dukas Komnenos Palaiologos (Griechisch: Μιχαήλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος)(* 1224/1225 in Kleinasien; † 11. In 1259 CE, Michael VIII came to the throne of the Empire of Nicaea. Michael's seal depicts the now standard image of the standing Christ on the obverse and the emperor wearing a crown and chlamys and holding a labarum and an akakia on the reverse. Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (1223 - 11 December 1282) reigned as Byzantine Emperor 1259-1282. ?Irene Komnene Kantakouzene? Michael VIII was the founder of the Palaiologandynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empireuntil the Fall of Constantinoplein 1453. 1224–82, Byzantine emperor ; founder of the Palaeologan dynasty. Michael VIII Palaiologos - National Library of Russia, gr. obsadil významná města Drač a Servii. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Orthodox East was coerced into accepting union. Andronikos was acclaimed co-emperor in 1261, after his father Michael VIII recovered Constantinople from the Latin Empire, but he was not crowned until 1272. Founded by the 11th-century general Nikephoros Palaiologos and his son George, the family rose to the highest aristocratic circles through its marriage into the Doukas and Komnenos dynasties. Dezember 1282 in Thrakien) war von 1259 … One of Charles's projects was to revive the Norman claim to the Balkan provinces of Byzantium. Michael VIII Palaiologos: | | | Michael VIII Palaiologos| |Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος| ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. Theodora Angelina Palaiologina (b. Michael became co-emperor with Theodore's son, John IV in 1259, eventually blinding and deposing the ten–year–old boy in 1261. Unknown Komnene: 6. Sadly for Michael, a new pope decided he was still a schismatic Greek, and Charles's invasion was on again. Especially active was Baldwin II of Courtenay, the last Latin emperor of Constantinople. Michael VIII was the founder of the Palaiologan dynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empire until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. At papal invitation, Charles advanced into southern Italy, expelled the last representatives of the imperial house of Hohenstaufen, Manfred and Conradin, and then from Palermo and Naples almost at once fixed his gaze across the Balkans onto Constantinople. Císař musel bezprostředně po převzetí moci čelit nepřátelům na Balkáně, když epirský despota Michael II. In the Aegean, Michael's new fleet managed to recover most of the islands. n surnamed Palaeologus . In practice this meant that he acknowledged the supremacy of the pope within the Church, as well as the doctrines of the filioque and Purgatory. Michael Palaiologos rose out of the power vacuum left behind by the early death of Theodore II Laskaris in 1258. Charles then began creating a Mediterranean empire for himself with territories in Albania, Greece, and for a time in Tunisia. Michael VIII was the founder of the Palaiologan dynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empire until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. Dr Michael VIII.Dukas Komnenos Palaiologos (middelgriech. Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as Byzantine Emperor 1259–1282. Michael became co-emperor with Theodore's son, John IV in 1259, eventually blinding and deposing the ten–year–old boy in 1261. He also reigned as the Co-Emperor of the Empire of Nicaea from 1259 to 1261. They found the city a shell of its former self, sparsely populated and largely ruined. in 1274 at the Council of Lyons Michael formally accepted Church union. But, when Charles of Anjou finally managed to enthrone his own candidate, Martin IV, as pope in 1281, Martin at once excommunicated Michael and at the same time pronounced Charles’s projected expedition against Byzantium a “Holy Crusade” against the “schismatic” Greeks. What Michael had on his side—the result of his consummate diplomatic ability—was (for a time) the papal alliance, a secret agreement with the Hohenstaufen supporters in Sicily, the support of Genoa, and, most important, a secret alliance with the son-in-law of Manfred, King Peter III of Aragon. In the Balkans the remaining crusaders tried to resist the Byzantine advance. He died on December 11, 1282 in Pachomion, Lysimachia, Thrace. Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, romanized: Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as the co-emperor of the Empire of Nicaea from 1259 to 1261, and as Byzantine Emperor from 1261 until his death. He gave Byzantium two centuries more of life, began rebuilding the capital, and reestablished the University of Constantinople. Author of. His remarkable resourcefulness and talent for intrigue were revealed early. “Michael VIII Palaiologos, The Liberator” is a historical novel about one of the most powerful personalities of the Byzantine times during one of the most important eras in Greek history, as it began to develop at the beginning of the Palaiologos’ reign in Byzantine. Moreover, by focusing his attention too exclusively on Europe, his policy helped lead to Ottoman occupation of all of Asia Minor and ultimately to the capture of Constantinople itself. The Greeks objected to the council on the grounds that not all the Eastern patriarchs or their representatives had been present, that no discussion of problems separating the two churches had taken place, and that no subsequent council had declared that of Lyon ecumenical. Michael VIII was the founder of the Palaiologan dynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empire until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. He built new churches and monasteries, and strengthened the city's walls. Michael VIII. Gradually usurping more and more authority, Michael seized the throne and early in 1259 was crowned emperor after shunting aside and blinding the rightful heir, his charge, John. Initially supportive of Michael, the patriarch Arsenios Autoreianos excommunicated the emperor for blinding John IV. Michael VIII PALAIOLOGOS was born in the year 1223 in Nicaea, Bithynia, Turkey, son of Andronikos Komnenos PALAIOLOGOS and Theodora Angelina PALAIOLOGINA., they had 4 children. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. From 1261 to 1453 the Palaeologan dynasty presided over an empire that was embattled from every side, torn apart by civil wars, and gradually shrinking to the…, …diminished Constantinople was reconquered by. The resulting peace treaty brought Byzantium a quarter of the Morea. When Michael VIII entered the city, its population was 35,000 people, but he succeeded in increasing it to 70,000 people by the end of his reign. Ia merestorasi Konstantinopel dan mentransformasi Kekaisaran Nicea menjadi Kekaisaran Bizantium. Nevertheless, Michael’s positive accomplishments cannot be overlooked. Ia merestorasi Konstantinopel dan mentransformasi Kekaisaran Nicea menjadi Kekaisaran Bizantium. From the beginning of his reign Michael planned the recovery of Constantinople, but when the time came it owed little to Michael or his plans. In 1282, at the sound of the bells summoning people to Vespers, Sicily rose in revolt against its French rulers, and the army that was ready to sail for Constantinople had to turn around and defend Charles's kingdom. The greatest threat to Michael's restored Byzantium came from Charles of Anjou, the brother of Louis IX of France. Michael moved the capital back to Constantinople and began the long work of securing his empire and rebuilding the ruined city. Michael VIII Palaiologos, yew imperatorê imperatoriya Bizansi biyo. Michael VIII Palaiologos (1223-11 December 1282) was Emperor of Nicaeafrom 1 January 1259 to 15 August 1261 (succeeding John IV Laskaris) and Emperor of the Byzantine Empirefrom 15 August 1261 to 11 December 1282 (succeeding the Latin emperorBaldwin of Courtenayand preceding Andronicus II). Michael is often criticized for neglecting the Asian heartland of his empire, but during his reign the Turks were quiet. Mikhael VIII là người sáng lập vương triều Palaiologos cai trị Đế quốc Đông La … To aid this attack Michael sent money to the island to encourage a rebellion against Charles. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Immediately after Michael’s death (1282), however, the Greek church declared the union invalid. Andronikos Doukas Angelos (d. 1185) 14. Although the Greeks generally were exultant, a few realized that the centre of gravity had shifted from Asia Minor to Europe. obsadil významná města Drač a Servii. In the end, the Orthodox world refused to accept the decisions of the council and Michael was denied a Christian burial when he died in 1282. In the long run this concern with Europe was to prove fateful, for it led to the neglect of the frontiers in the East and, with that neglect, eventually to the conquest and settlement of all of Asia Minor by the Turks. To counter these alliances Michael tried to buy off the pope with the promise of Church union, and allied with Hungary, Egypt, and the Mongols. Michael VIII Palaiologos (r. 1259-1281 CE) Miniature from the manuscript of Pachymeres' Historia, 14th century CE. 3. He took measures... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Michael VIII Palaiologos of Paleologus (Grieks: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 - 11 Desember 1282) was van 1259 tot 1261 medekeiser van die Niceense Ryk en van 1261 tot met sy dood keiser van die Bisantynse Ryk.. Hy was die stigter van die Palaiologos-dinastie wat tot met die val van Konstantinopel in 1453 oor die Bisantynse Ryk regeer het. He also reigned as the Co-Emperor of the Empire of Nicaea from 1259 to 1261. Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαήλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos) (1223 – December 11, 1282) reigned as Byzantine emperor 1259–1282. Michael struggled in his relationship with the Church. Biography. Michael VIII was the founder of the Palaiologan dynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empire until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 19 August 1226 – 11 December 1282) was Greek General who reigned as Byzantine Emperor from 1261 until his death. 13. Mikhael VIII là người sáng lập vương triều Palaiologos cai trị Đế quốc Đông La … George Komnenodoukas Palaiologos (1125–1168) 25. Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. Michael VIII Palaiologos (1223 – 11 December 1282) was the Emperor of Nicaea from 1259 to 1261, then the Byzantine Emperor from 1261 to his death, and founder of the Imperial Palaiologos dynasty.. Michael eventually forced Arsenios to abdicate, but this only resulted in causing a schism within the Church that would last well into the reign of Michael's successor. Michael VIII was the founder of the Palaiologandynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empireuntil the Fall of Constantinoplein 1453. Dezämber 1282 z Thrakie) isch vo 1259 bis zu sim Dood 1282 dr byzantinisch Kaiser gsi. Despite all the obstacles, union was nevertheless finally pronounced at the Second Council of Lyon in 1274. Michael is identified by his family name, Palaiologos. Michael VIII Palaeologus, (born 1224 or 1225—died December 11, 1282, Thrace), Nicaean emperor (1259–61) and then Byzantine emperor (1261–82), who in 1261 restored the Byzantine Empire to the Greeks after 57 years of Latin occupation and who founded the Palaeologan dynasty, the last and longest-lived of the empire’s ruling houses. At the age of 21 he was charged by the emperor John III Vatatzes of Nicaea with treasonous conduct against the state, a charge from which he extricated himself by the force of his wit. Michael VIII Dukas Angelos Komnenos PALAEOLOGUS EMPEROR in CONSTANTINOPLE; (Regent for the young Theodore II, whom he blinded and deposed) Born: 1225 Died: 1282 At his death, which occurred soon afterward, Michael thus left an intact empire to his son Andronicus II. Whether as the result of Michael’s carefully planned ruse or of accident or both, the great city fell to his general in July 1261. 118 - f. 22r.jpg 466 × 640; 233 KB Michaelpal.gif 382 × 500; 72 KB Michael VIII Palaiologos (head) (cropped).jpg 121 × 161; 6 KB Mikhael VIII Palaiologos (Yunani: Μιχαήλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos) (1223 – 11 Desember 1282) berkuasa sebagai kaisar Bizantium 1259–1282. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Michael-VIII-Palaeologus, Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection - Biography of Michael VIII Palaiologos. Mikhael VIII Palaiologos (c.1223 - c.1282) - Genealogy Genealogy for Mikhael VIII Palaiologos (c.1223 - c.1282) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Michael also agreed to the union of the Churches under papal leadership, removing one important supporter for Charles's enterprise. Μιχαὴλ Η' Δούκας Κομνηνός Παλαιολόγος, * 1224/1225 in Chläiasie; † 11. Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as Byzantine Emperor 1259–1282.Michael VIII was the founder of the Palaiologan dynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empire until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Michael became co-emperor with Theodore's son, John IV in 1259, eventually blinding and deposing the ten–year–old boy in 1261. Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 19 August 1226 – 11 December 1282) was Greek General who reigned as Byzantine Emperor from 1261 until his death. Mikhael VIII Palaiologos hoặc Palaeologus (tiếng Hy Lạp cổ: Μιχαήλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, chuyển tự Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 – 1282) là Hoàng đế Đông La Mã trị vì từ năm 1259 đến 1282. 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