), India *Corresponding author. Name Reference IPCN Reference Gametophytic Count Sporophytic Count Country ; Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper: Sharma, P. C. & P. K. Gupta. Blackgram (Vigna mungo L. Hepper) popularly known as urdbean or mash, is a grain legume domesticated from V. mungo var. It belongs to family leguminoseae with chromosome number 2n=2x=22. These traits are a pleiotropic effect of a single recessive gene, mog. A study was undertaken on the variation in chromosome number of cells from callus tissues originating from cotyledon, hypocotyl and embryonal axis explants of Vigna mungo. It also contributes 76% carbohydrate 3-5% Fiber, 1.74% … 20 per page . Sterility is the main problem. V. mungo In this study, we sequenced the genome and transcriptome of the V. mungo chloroplast. ... Increasing chromosome number of one or both the species, particularly in case . ... More number of Back crosses suggested. - Tropical grain legumes, such as black gram, Vigna mungo, and green gram, Vigna radiata (L.) R. silvestris is reported to be immune to bru-chids (Fujii et al. Blackgram is reported to be originated in India (Zukovskiji, 1962).India is the world’s largest producer as well as consumer of blackgram. infect mungbean (Vigna radiata) at low levels in the field, multiply during grain storage and can destroy seed stocks in a few months. 20 per page; 50 per page; 100 per page; Search Results. silvestris (Lukoki, 1980). sublobata) and cultivated V. radiata through genotyping by sequencing and quantitative trait locus analysis. It is a cheap source of dietary protein (24%). Vigna mungo (2n = 22, 24) Origin: India Putative parents V. trinerivus / V. sublobata or V.mungo var. Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper or black gram is a diploid plant with 2n = 2x = 22 chromosomes. Mungbeans are a good source of dietary protein, folate and iron. Mungbean is mainly cultivated today in China, India and Southeast Asia but can be found in dry regions within Southern Europe and United States. These numer- the wild taxa ranges from 4 to 18 while in cultivated taxa the ical alterations may be attributed to the occurrence of mitotic number ranges from 8 to 14. non-disjunctions, causing the appearance of aneuploid cells The karyotypes of all the materials studied were found to [16]. Uninoculated untreated plants served as control. A systematic genetic analysis of colchitetraploids of Vigna radiata and V. mungo in three different generations (C 1, C 2 and C 3) was made using karyomorphology of chromosomes and heterochromatin distribution pattern among them.Autotetraploid of both species were produced using aqueous colchicine (0.15 and 0.20%) and maintained through three successive generations (C 1, C 2 … Use of biochemical markers for genetic diversity and determining QTLs in Vigna mungo germplasm . Callosobruchus sp. Bruchid beetles are an important storage pest of grain legumes. Both the varieties were found to possess 2n =22 metacentric chromosomes. The low frequency of reports of 2n = 18 in the tribe Phaseoleae and in the family … Bacillus subtilis . Few plants obtained revert back to parental form. It belongs to the family Leguminosae, subfamily Papilionoideae, clade Millettioid [1], and is a tropical legume crop species that is cultivated in Asia, Africa, and America [2]. Vigna mungo x V.radiata for increasing pod length, digestibility. Although Jingnong 6 and Kyungwonpat cultivars were from the same species, at chromosome level substantial variation in SSR abundance was observed. Mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek, or green gram) is important tropical and sub-tropical legume and a rich source of dietary protein and micronutrients. Search Menu; Account Menu; Menu; Sign In ... only about half of these genome assemblies were anchored to chromosomes. Identification of single nucleotide polymorphism markers associated with resistance to bruchids (Callosobruchus spp.) Breeding objectives 1. Blackgram [Vigna mungo (L.)Hepper] is an annual, short duration, self pollinated, leguminous crop belong to family leguminoseae sub family Papilionaceae with a chromosome number of 2n=2x=22, it is commonly known as urd bean. Restricted gene flow between the four species, Vigna radiata, V. mungo, V. umbellata and V. angularis limits the potential for improved production and adaptation of these species in different agroecological systems. A number of the wild species are highl Skip to Main Content. Number of results to display per page. It belongs to family leguminosae with chromosome number 2n = 2x = 22. The range of median and submedian chromosomes in chromosome number in many Vigna species. Wild species of Vigna are known to exhibit great range of phenotypic and genotypic diversity leading to development of several varieties and cultivars. cM), number of markers (102-255 markers), number of linkage groups (LG) (12-14), and level (12-30.8%) and regions of marker distortion. It produces about 1.5 to 1.9 million … Advertisement. None has been found more suitable for transformation as in of methods developed so far for Vigna species, ex- Vigna radiata (Jaiwal et al ., 2001; Sonia et al ., 2007), cept in V. angularis (Yamada et al ., 2001), explored V. mungo ( Saini et al ., 2003, Saini and Jaiwal, 2005) this possibility. Barimash-1 and Barimash-3 were cytologically studied after staining with orcein and CMA. Among the various pulses, blackgram is an important one which contains approximately 25-28% protein, 4.5-5.5% ash, 0.5-1.5% oil, 3.5-4.5% fibre and 62-65% carbohydrate … Two varieties of Vigna mungo viz. Blackgram is an annual leguminous crop belongs to family Fabaceae and sub-family Papilionaceae with a chromosome number 2n=22 (Dana, 1980) and originated from Indian continent [De Candolle, 1882, Vavilov, 1926]. 1. The plants were grown in soil at N50 and N100 doses of urea. Since all … Vigna mungo var. There has been confusion on the taxonomic status of Vigna mungo and Vigna radiata; because they are closely related it was proposed that they be grouped into a single species. sylvestris. Mung bean is sown on lighter soils than black gram (Göhl, 1982). Karyotypes in some pulse crops. the black gram (Vigna mungo (L.)) with two main differences: the corolla of Vigna mungo is bright yellow while that of Vigna radiata is pale yellow; mung bean pods are pendulous whereas they are erect in black gram. From the results, it was evident that . India ABSTRACT A study on the variation in chromosome number of the callus cells derived from immature embryo explant of Vigna mungo L. Hepper was undertaken. Mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilzeck) known as green gram and mashbean (Vigna mungo L. Happer) as black gram are widely cultivated pulse crops belonging to family Fabaceae.In cereal based cropping system, these pulses are being consumed as supplemental crops. silvestris. Barimash-1 and Barimash-3 were cytologically studied after staining with orcein and CMA. Vigna mungo . Email: goyalsoni@yahoo.com Abstract Seeds of two varieties, PU-19 and T-9, of urdbean (Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper) were treated with four … Cytogenetical investigations, so far, on the organisation and evolution of the genomes of Vigna species have proved difficult due to small chromosome size, large chromosome number and uniformity in chromosome shape and size within and between the complements. Embryo Culture and Chromosome Doubling Results Crosses Green Beans and Black Beans Resume of M. Kosmiatin and I. Mariska CHAPTER I Preliminary 1.1 Background Mung bean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) including crops that have long been cultivated in Indonesia (Arora and Mauria 1993). It had been reported earlier that restriction of gene flow between these species was partly due to hybrid inviability and partly due to chromosomal differentiation. and V. unguiculata (Chaudhary et al ., 2007). Blackgram is reported to be originated in India (Zukovskiji, 1962). Vigna mungo L. Hepper) popularly known as urdbean or mash, is a grain legume domesticated from V.mungo var. It is popularly known as “urd bean and mash” is an important short duration and selfpollinated Kharif legume crop and is an important part of Indian diet. in wild mungbean (Vigna radiata var. Determination of the chromosome numbers of root tip tissue (2n=22) and nodule tissue revealed that nodule tissue contained both diploid and tetraploid cells but no other degrees of polyploidy. 1989; Dongre et al. strain Bs-5. Organ size and architecture of plants are important traits affecting crop yield and agronomic practices. A Comparative Study of Chromosomal Aberrations in Vigna mungo Induced by Ethylmethane Sulphonate and Hydrazine Hydrate S. Goyal* and S. Khan Department of Botany, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh – 202002 (U.P. The least SSR density was found on chromosome 6 (411.3). 1982. However information regarding their chromosome biology is by and large lacking. The chromosome number showed a wide range … 1996). Email(: ghafoor59@hotmail.com. To Black gram is an economically important Vigna species, which provides high-protein food [3]. Total length of diploid complements and range of chromosome length were more or less same in the two varieties. The chloroplast genome of this species has not been previously reported. However, none of the maps resolved 11 LGs, which is the haploid chromosome number of mungbean. Green bean cultivation is relatively easy with a small risk of failure. Chromosome 3 had minimum number of repeats (6579) having maximum SSR density per Megabase (Mb) (573.2). The variation induced by 2,4-D and kinetin treatments at 10, 20 and 30 days was studied in all three explants. In this study we employ GWAS to examine the genetic basis of variation in several important traits in mungbean, using the mini-core collection established by the World Vegetable Center, which includes 296 accessions that represent … Both the varieties were found to possess 2n =22 metacentric chromosomes. sublobata TC1966 and in cultivated mungbean line V2802. The most comprehensive map consists of 255 loci with an average distance between the adjacent markers of 3 cM. The mungbean (also known as moong bean, green gram) is a fast-growing warm-season legume and has a diploid chromosome number of 2n=22. It belongs to family leguminoseae with chromosome number 2n=2x=22.Blackgram is reported to be originated in India. It is grown mainly in rainy and/or summer seasons. 313 001. Abstract. - The chromosome number of Vigna candida (Vellozo) Mar&chal, Mascherpa & Stainier was determined as 2n=18, being the first report of this number for the genus Vigna (2n= 20, 22 and 24). Mung bean is slightly less hairy than black gram. In this investigation the nature and extent of DNA variation between thirteen diploid and one polyploid species have been estimated. Pseudomonas fluorescens strain CHA0, and . Resistance against bruchid beetles has been found in wild mungbean V. radiata var. Blackgram (Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper) popularly known as urdbean or mash, is a grain legume domesticated from V. mungo var. … New chromosome number in the genus Vigna Savi (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae) by E. R. Forni-Martins (*) Abstract. This legume species was moved from the genus L. cultivar ‘Azad-2’ with the root-knot nematode and treated with two biofertilizers viz. Total length of diploid complements and range of chromosome length were … Abdul Ghafoor( and Muhammad Ishtiaq (- Plant Genetic Resources Institute (PGRI), National Agricultural Research Centre (NARC), Islamabad, Pakistan. An induced mutant, multiple-organ gigantism (MOG), of black gram (Vigna mungo) has been obtained, which shows gigantic leaves, fruit, seed, and architecture (plant height) but lower number of pods per plant. The present study deals with karyotypic analysis in 10 taxa belonging to the genus Vigna. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Two varieties of Vigna mungo viz. In India the area production and productivity of blackgram was 4.49mha with 2.93 m tonne … Introduction. Taxonomy. The cultivated Asiatic Vigna species belong to the sub-genus Ceratotropis, a fairly distinct and homogeneous group, largely restricted to Asia, which has a chromosome number of 2n = 22 (except V. glabrescens, 2n = 44).There are seven cultivated species within the sub-genus, including mung bean or green gram (V. radiata), black gram or urad bean (V. mungo), adzuki bean (V. … In Jingnong 6, maximum markers were found on chromosome 1 (14 964), … Vigna mungo is cultivated in approximately 5 million hectares worldwide. silvestris (Lukoki, 1980). INTRODUCTION. A cheap source of dietary protein ( 24 % ) than black gram ( Göhl, 1982 ) and cultivars! By E. R. Forni-Martins ( * ) Abstract belongs to family leguminoseae chromosome. Has not been previously reported 255 loci with an average distance between the adjacent markers of 3.! 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