Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. ii. 2:7 and 8 (i.e., the author quoting the Psalm), but in Heb. Moses Stuart’s A Commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews provides exposition of the text with regard for semantic interpretation, historical context, and formulation of doctrine. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. However, one might say the devil is guilty of “attempted unlawful murder” over someone he had no rights over, because there was no stain of sin on Jesus. He became man, and was tempted, that he might be every way qualified to succour his people, seeing that he had passed through the same temptations himself, but continued perfectly free from sin. To receive the promises of God they had to put their trust in him. (2) Review the promises of God for help from on high to obey his word, for example, Hebrews 2:18; 4:14-16; 2 Timothy 2:7. Volume two walks verse-by-verse through the text while providing extensive clarification on key points. Keith Simons. It was man in whom God’s purposes had been for a while defeated; it must be in man that God must triumph over his great enemy.” (Spurgeon). . Scripture: Hebrews 2:14–18. we must" This is the term "dei," which means moral necessity. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. You can check these in your browser security settings. Christ and believers have the same human nature. Neither the state in which the church is at present, nor its more completely restored state, when the prince of this world shall be cast out, and the kingdoms of the earth become the kingdom of Christ, is left to the government of the angels: Christ will take to him his great power, and will reign. This is our duty upon our first being surprised by temptations, and would stop their progress, which is our wisdom. I have heard some make a jest of that word, and jeer at certain persons as ‘saints.’ They might as well call them kings and princes, and then mock at them, for there is nothing mean or despicable in the name ‘saint.’ It is one of the most glorious titles that a man can ever wear.” (Spurgeon). Here is an appeal to the consciences of sinners. i. . He knew temptation from His family and temptation from strangers. He had to enter into the prison to free the captives. And all this according to God's own will. Hebrews 2:8 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 2:8, NIV: "and put everything under their feet. Not soul ever perished under temptation, that cried unto the Lord from real alarm at its danger, with faith and expectation of relief. > bible > commentary > en > all > nt > hebrews Contact website You can contact us through this form, or directly through mobile/WhatsApp: 002 01287627004 (Michael Ghaly). The writer to the Hebrews insists that not only was Jesus’ temptation real, but it was so real that He suffered under it. The superior worth and dignity of Christ above Moses is shown. They are of one earthly father, Adam. Let those who dread death, and strive to get the better of their terrors, no longer attempt to outbrave or to stifle them, no longer grow careless or wicked through despair. (10-13) Christ's taking the nature of man, and not his taking the nature of angels, was necessary to his priestly office. ii. iv. i. When ungodly men are tempted, the bait is to their taste, and they swallow it greedily. i. (5-9) The reason of his sufferings, and the fitness of them. the epistle of paul the apostle to the hebrews commentary by a. r. fausset chapter 2 hbr 2:1-18.danger of neglecting so great salvation, first spoken by christ; to whom, not to angels, the new dispensation was subjected; though he was for a time humbled below the angels: this humiliation took place by divine necessity for our salvation. (2.) Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. Temptation is a pleasure to them; indeed, they sometimes tempt the devil to tempt them… But good men suffer when they are tempted, and the better they are the more they suffer.” (Spurgeon). “Behold, then, in your midst, O Church of God, in the days of his flesh there stood this glorious One whom angels worship, who is the brightness of his Father’s glory in the very heaven of heavens; yet when he stood here, it was to join in the worship of his people, declaring the Father’s name unto his brethren, and with them singing praises unto the Most High. These are but his messengers and servants. 'In putting everything under them, God left nothing that is not subject to them. The Lord, who sends it, sends also with it a way of escape, and it will be to your honor and profit to escape by that way.” (Spurgeon), ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. The High Priest was therefore in constant sympathy with the people of God, carrying them on his heart and on his shoulders. And of necessity of faith in Christ, and of stedfastly following him. Hebrews 1. Made like His brethren: If Jesus were not like us He could not be our High Priest, representing us before the Father and making atonement (propitiation) for our sins. The foregoing part Hebrews 1:4-14 established the excellence and supremacy of Jesus Christ and His infinite superiority over those heavenly beings, the angels. d. He is able to aid those who are being tempted: Because Jesus added humanity to His deity and experienced human suffering, He is able to help us in temptation. In Hebrews 2:6-8 , MAN is spoken of in general ("him . By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. Of one spirit, one holy and heavenly disposition; the same mind is in them that was in Christ, though not in the same measure; the same Spirit informs and actuates the head and all the members.2. Humble, cautious fear is urged, lest any should come short of the promised rest, through unbelief. ii. Our minds and memories are like a leaky vessel, they do not, without much care, retain what is poured into them. It probably refers to man in the first place, but also beyond man to Christ as the representative Man (F. F. Bruce, Commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews … Hebrews 2 Resources - Multiples Sermons and Commentaries; Hebrews 2:1-4 The Danger of Drifting Spiritually - Steven Cole; Hebrews 2:1-4 Tragedy of Neglecting Salvation - John MacArthur; Most authors agree that this first of five major warning passages alerts the readers to the danger of apostasy, a theme that is echoed in all five warning passages. Then let not the afflicted and tempted despond, or give place to Satan, as if temptations made it wrong for them to come to the Lord in prayer. Click on the different category headings to find out more. Neither the Deity nor the Humanity of Jesus is negotiable. i. The duty of stedfastly adhering to Christ and his gospel. Inasmuch then as the children have partaken of flesh and blood, He Himself likewise shared in the same, that through death He might destroy him who had the power of death, that is, the devil, and release those who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage. Sinning against the gospel is neglect of this great salvation; it is a contempt of the saving grace of God in Christ, making light of it, not caring for it, not regarding either the worth of gospel grace, or the want of it, and our undone state without it. Jesus did not lose anything from being tempted – He only gained in glory and sympathy and ability to help His people. Jun 23, 1996. For in that He Himself has suffered, being tempted, He is able to aid those who are tempted. c. He Himself has suffered, being tempted: Some wonder if Jesus was really tempted. We have two advantages – knowing the example of Jesus in temptation, but also having His active assistance from heaven, providing strength and a way of escape. iii. Does it not seem as if he might come at any moment, and sit in that pew with you; I feel as if already he stood on this platform side by side with me; why should he not?” (Spurgeon), g. Here am I and the children whom God has given Me: The phrasing of this quote from Isaiah 8:18 shows how precious Jesus’ people are to Him. v. Satan repeatedly tried to kill Jesus. The question is, does “him” refer to man or to Christ? These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. Yet until He became a man and suffered, God never experienced suffering. Hebrews: Bible Study and Commentary. i. Christ being proved to be superior to the angels, this doctrine is applied. Commentary on Matthew 2:13-23. The angels fell, and remained without hope or help. Let them not expect help from the world, or human devices; but let them seek pardon, peace, grace, and a lively hope of heaven, by faith in Him who died and rose again, that thus they may rise above the fear of death. (3.) Jesus allowed the devil to bruise His heel so that He could bruise his head (Genesis 3:15). Jesus knew the temptations of power and the temptations of pain. Warnings to Those Called to Salvation. It must have been most thrilling to hear Christ’s voice, quivering with emotion, singing the Psalms, which constituted the Great Hallel.” (Spurgeon), ii. You can also change some of your preferences. The problem with this approach is that we know the devil did not take Jesus’ life. This proceeds from the corruption of our nature, temptations, worldly cares, and pleasures. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Commentaries for the book of Hebrews. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. Now the focus shifts to Jesus Christ as the Saviour of mankind who is of even lower status than the angels. Christ never designed to be the Saviour of the fallen angels, therefore he did not take their nature; and the nature of angels could not be an atoning sacrifice for the sin of man. We also have heard the good news as they did. The point is that it was fitting for the Father to do this, in the sense that it pleased the LORD to bruise Him (Isaiah 53:10), to do it for the sake of bringing many sons to glory. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. A captain rewards his troops, and Jesus rewards His followers. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). “To make perfect does not imply moral imperfection in Jesus, but only the consummation of that human experience of sorrow and pain through which he must pass in order to become the leader of his people’s salvation.” (Vincent), ii. “This is the most powerful preservative against despair, and the firmest ground of hope and comfort, that ever believing, penitent sinners could desire or have.” (Poole) “Were the rest of the Scripture silent on this subject, this verse might be an ample support for every tempted soul.” (Clarke), iii. Hebrews 2, Coffman Commentaries on the Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. Gospel. Yet at present we do not see everything subject to them." Commentary on Hebrews 2:1-4. Jesus Is Able to Help Those Who Are Tempted . Hebrews full text: Hebrews 1 | Hebrews 2 | Hebrews 3 | Hebrews 4 | Hebrews 5 | Hebrews 6 | Hebrews 7 | Hebrews 8 | Hebrews 9 | Hebrews 10 | Hebrews 11 | Hebrews 12 | Hebrews 13 In this chapter the apostle, I. i. In this thinking, the end result is that the devil has no right over those who come to God through Jesus’ work on the cross. ii. Into an endearing relation. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. 2:9 "But we do see Him" The NASB has all of the PRONOUNS in small letters in Heb. iii. As a reward of Christ's humiliation in suffering death, he has unlimited dominion over all things; thus this ancient scripture was fulfilled in him. The idea is that Jesus took away Satan’s “right” to rule by allowing Satan to “unlawfully” take Jesus’ life on the cross, and Satan’s “unlawful” action against Jesus forfeited his right to rule over man. c. Release those who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage: The fear of death rules as a tyrant over humanity. “He likes to dwell on that fact. After supper, they sang a hymn. Satan certainly wanted to murder Jesus and tried to, and Satan is guilty of that. Commentary on Isaiah 63:7-9. They were slaves in *Egypt, but God set them free. God had maintained the authority of the word that was communicated by means of angels, punishing disobedience to … Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. December 30, 2007. (1-4) His sufferings are no objection against his pre-eminence. Some try to make peace with death by calling it their friend. Verse 2 The Hebrews heard the good news of the promises of God. The Lord's judgments under the gospel dispensation are chiefly spiritual, but are on that account the more to be dreaded. Commentary on Hebrews 2:10-18. © 2021 Whatever the proud, carnal, and unbelieving may imagine or object, the spiritual mind will see peculiar glory in the cross of Christ, and be satisfied that it became Him, who in all things displays his own perfections in bringing many sons to glory, to make the Author of their salvation perfect through sufferings. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. d. He does give aid to the seed of Abraham: The Father’s work in Jesus was not primarily for the sake of angels (though it is for the angels in a secondary sense according to Ephesians 3:10). These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. Accept it, therefore, at the Lord’s hands, and do not think it to be a disgrace or a dishonor. 1-4. Hebrews 2:1 – Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things which we have heard, lest at … ii. He Himself likewise shared in the same: For Jesus to truly fulfill the role of “Elder Brother” for the family of the redeemed, He had to take on flesh and blood. i. His way to the crown was by the cross, and so must that of his people be. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. a. Christ sanctifies; he has purchased and sent the sanctifying Spirit: the Spirit sanctifies as the Spirit of Christ. We fancy that we have to fight our way to heaven by the might of our own right hand, and by our own skill; but it is not so. The setting forth the gospel was continued and confirmed by those who heard Christ, by the evangelists and apostles, who were witnesses of what Jesus Christ began both to do and to teach; and by the gifts of the Holy Ghost, qualified for the work to which they were called. “We know that had he only been God yet still he would not have been fitted for a perfect Savior, unless he had become man. All Rights Reserved. Much less, then, can we trifle with Christ’s gospel. True believers are sanctified, endowed with holy principles and powers, set apart to high and holy uses and purposes. They were convinced they finally had Jesus where they wanted Him. We may request cookies to be set on your device. Jesus laid it down of His own accord, and no one took it from Him (John 10:17-18). Hebrews 2 Resources - Multiples Sermons and Commentaries; Hebrews 2:1-4 The Danger of Drifting Spiritually - Steven Cole; Hebrews 2:1-4 Tragedy of Neglecting Salvation - John MacArthur; Spurgeon - They could not trifle with the angels’ message without receiving just punishment from God. i. a. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. What, &c.--. God placed mankind in an honored position of authority, but mankind sinned and forfeited that position. None of these plans worked, until Jesus stood before Pilate and received the sentence of execution – what joy there was in the counsels of Hell! Being sanctified: “Well, then, dear friends, are you sanctified? He could not be our brother unless He was also human like us. Therefore, in all things He had to be made like His brethren, that He might be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people. “I think death is the devil’s masterpiece. For indeed He does not give aid to angels, but He does give aid to the seed of Abraham. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. Yes, literally. i. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. “Many persons are tempted, but do not suffer in being tempted. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. He tried to starve Jesus and tried to drown Him. He knew temptation from His friends and temptation from His enemies. d. For both He who sanctifies and those who are being sanctified are all of one: Therefore we are sanctified by One who has been sanctified. it is the grace of God. Hebrews 2 – Jesus, Our Elder Brother A. He tried at a synagogue where they tried to kill Jesus. John Piper Jun 2, 1996 86 Shares Sermon. He knew the temptations of the boy and the temptations of the man. Jesus, our chief priest. For unto the angels hath he not put in subjection the world to come, whereof we speak. Thus God has done wonderful things for us in creation and providence, but for these we have made the basest returns. We know that the devil loves death and murder. Hebrews 2. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Hebrews 2:14-18 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The author identified neither himself nor the people to whom he was writing. Commentary on Hebrews 2:10-18. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. We can even say that Jesus’ temptation was more real and difficult than any we could face. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. The remembrance of his own sorrows and temptations, makes Christ mindful of the trials of his people, and ready to help them. Hebrews 2:2. εἰ γὰρ ὁ διʼ ἀγγέλων λαληθεὶς λόγος .… An a fortiori argument derived from the notoriously inevitable character of the punishment which overtook those who disregarded the Law. 1. This is the first (i.e., vv. Does not this bring him very near to you? If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. If the Perfect One must endure temptation, why not you? It did not disgrace or dishonor your Lord, and temptation will not disgrace or dishonor you. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. e. He is not ashamed to call them brethren, saying: The writer cites three proofs that Jesus the Messiah calls His people His brethren from Psalm 22:22, Isaiah 8:17, and Isaiah 8:18. i. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. Christ and believers are all of one heavenly Father, who is God. The pressure of temptation only built and built upon Him. God did many powerful works to make the king let them go. The Hebrews are warned of the sin and danger of unbelief. Commentary on Matthew 2:13-23. Nothing ever delighted the heart of the devil so much as when he found that the threatening would be fulfilled, ‘In the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.’“ (Spurgeon). With these we can find victory in the midst of temptation and come out better from being tempted. Hebrews 2:5-18 commentary. But Christians have no fear of death (though perhaps a fear of dying), not because death is their friend but because it is a defeated enemy that now serves God’s purpose in the believer’s life. In each of these examples the Messiah is willing to associate Himself with His brethren, whether it be in a congregation of worship, a community of trust in the Father, or declaring a common family association. And what is the moving cause of all the kindness God shows to men in giving Christ for them and to them? This results from the union. In the same way, we do not have to lose anything when we are tempted. a. We have no angelic preachers; we sometimes speak of “the seraphic doctor,” but no seraph ever was a preacher of the gospel of the grace of God; that honour has been reserved for … Yet the death of Jesus became defeat for the devil. Even partial neglects will not escape rebukes; they often bring darkness on the souls they do not finally ruin. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. They are brought into relation with Christ. God then promised to lead them as a nation to a new land. But now we do not yet see all things subjected to him” (2:8). Chapter 2. But the wound in His chest and the cross on His shoulders are even more eloquent testimony to His heart for us and work on our behalf – to make propitiation for the sins of the people. 2:1 "F or this reason" This refers to the truths of chapter 1. " Since death only has dominion over those who are born sinners or who have sinned (Romans 5:12), Satan had no “right” to take the life of Jesus, who had never sinned nor was born a sinner – and the devil then committed an “unlawful” murder, according to his nature (John 8:44). If you start before your Captain gives you the order to march, you will have to come back again; and if you try to fight apart from your Captain, you will rue the day.” (Spurgeon). Some things are valued by you as keepsakes given by one you love; and so are we dear to Christ because his Father gave us to him.” (Spurgeon). He is ready and willing to succour those who are tempted, and seek him. With the solitary exception of hell, death is certainly the most Satanic mischief that sin hath accomplished. “Moreover, do not make it any cause of complaint that you are tempted. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of Hebrews. It is not remarkable that I am unashamed to associate with Jesus. December 30, 2007. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. If we diminish either then He is unable to save us. See Psalm 22:22; 18:2; Isaiah 8:18. iii. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. He knew the temptations of riches and the temptations of poverty. Psalm. Makes some application of the doctrine laid down in the chapter foregoing concerning the excellency of the person of Christ, both by way of exhortation and argument, ver. Therefore we must give the more earnest heed to the things we have heard, lest we drift away. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. If your Lord was tempted, shall the disciple be above his Master, or the servant above his Lord? They are precious to him in themselves, but far more precious as the Father’s gift to him. Man had sinned; man must suffer. In this chapter the apostle, I. This proceeds from the corruption of our nature, temptations, worldly cares, and pleasures. Do you not think that, sometimes, we act as if we had no Captain? (3) Claim those promises for yourself, do whatever you need to do, and count on God's grace to see you through the consequences. . Let us mind this one thing needful, and attend to the Holy Scriptures, written by those who heard the words of our gracious Lord, and were inspired by his Spirit; then we shall be blessed with the good part that cannot be taken away. The Gospel reading this day after Christmas strikes a new tone for the season by dramatically leading us away from anticipation of Advent and revelry of the holidays to the tenuous and dark days between promises and their fruition.1. 2:9 they are in capital letters (the author now applying the Psalm), thus comparing fallen mankind with the ideal Man. him . Gospel. i. Jesus did not wear the High Priest’s breastplate. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. He tried through the murderous intent of Herod when Jesus was a baby. I have never had a dream that told me to flee in the middle of the night to save my family. (Read all of Hebrews 2) This is the reason why it is so much the more needful to hearken t the word spoken, in order that they should not let it pass away form life and memory. Matthew Henry :: Commentary on Hebrews 2 ← Back to Matthew Henry's Bio & Resources. 1-4) of many warnings in the book of Hebrews addressed to a group of believing Jews still worshiping in a synagogue with unbelieving Jews. But it is remarkable that He is not ashamed to call us brethren. Christ being proved to be superior to the angels, this doctrine is applied. (1) The lesson of the first chapter is applied: listen and don’t drift away. Hebrews 2:5. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. He knew the temptations of popularity and the temptations of rejection. Our minds and memories are like a leaky vessel, they do not, without much care, retain what is poured into them. b. Scripture: Hebrews 2:9–13. f. In the midst of the assembly I will sing praise to You: This wonderful quote from Psalm 22:22 (from the ancient Septuagint) reminds us that Jesus sang, singing worship to His Father among His brethren. After all, since He was God (they reason), He could not sin – so His temptation could not be real. First Reading. c. Perfect through sufferings: There was nothing lacking in the deity of Jesus. Not many people will come to church on December 29th. Hebrews 2:1-4 commentary. That He might be a merciful and faithful High Priest: The High Priest wore a breastplate with stones engraved with the names of the tribes of Israel on both his chest and his shoulders. Now the discourse is verging towards exhortation, point by point corresponding to the preceding chapter, concerning Christ the prophet, the king, the priest: concerning Him as the prophet, for it is said, He hath spoken, Hebrews 2:2: concerning Him as king, for it is said, Thy throne, Hebrews 2:8: concerning Him as priest, for it is said, He hath made purification, Hebrews 2:3. In the Logos editions, this valuable volume is enhanced by amazing functionality. However, the content of the book, including the frequent references to the Hebrew Scriptures, makes it clear that he was writing to Jewish Christians who We are all of the same human family, so Jesus is not ashamed to call them (that is, us) brethren. Seed of Abraham is used here in the sense of those who are Abraham’s children inwardly, not ethnically (Romans 2:28-29, Galatians 3:7). But the words, his not being ashamed to call them brethren, express the high superiority of Christ to the human nature. Through death He might destroy him who had the power of death, that is, the devil: Some take this as meaning that Jesus destroyed Satan’s “right” to rule over man, which was presumably given to him in the garden of Eden through Adam’s rebellion. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. When the pressure of temptation builds, some only find relief by giving into the temptation – but Jesus never did this. Propitiation: “The true idea seems to be…that God offers to Himself the sacrifice of Christ, so that He is at once the One who propitiates and the One who is propitiated.” (Griffith Thomas). Makes some application of the doctrine laid down in the chapter foregoing concerning the excellency of the person of Christ, both by way of exhortation and argument . b. The earliest statement on the authorship of Hebrews is from Clement of Alexandria, who said that Paul wrote it in Hebrew and Luke translated into Greek (Eusebius, History 6.14.2).

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